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Water Analysis

Inorganic Analysis

Code E6 ICP-MS is applicable only to natural waters with low total dissolved solid content (<0.05%). Any individual cations greater than the dynamic range of the ICP-MS will be reported as (>) unless the Overrange option is chosen. Samples submitted under all Code 6 packages will be analyzed on the supernatant portion of waters as received, acidified to pH <2 without filtration or digestion. Samples submitted as natural waters, but with elevated total dissolved solids (TDS >0.05%) will be charged as E6 MB. Analysis of waste waters and other solutions are available, but at varying costs. Please inquire. For hydro samples being analyzed by ICP-MS or by Ion Chromatography, please include fieldTDS/conductivity measurements, if available.

Code E6 - Water Analysis
Code E6 ICP-MS Natural Waters with low TDS (<0.05%)
Code E6 Overrange Overrange elements in Code E6 MB reanalyzed by ICP-OES or ICP-MS if required
Code E6 Hg Hg(+) option on separate sample by FIMS
Code E6 Boron Boron add-on by ICP-MS
† Code  E6 MB Marine Water, Brines or other aqueous solutions with TDS > 0.05%
Code E6 ENVIR Where Chain-of Custody for legal defense is required
Code E6 ICP-OES Water analysis by ICP-OES for 36 elements

† Detection limits for samples with high dissolved solids such as marine waters or brines may be elevated by a factor of 10-1000.


Ion Chromatography


Code E6B - Anions (by Ion Chromatography)

Analyte

Detection Limit (mg/L)

Fluoride (F)

0.01

Chloride (Cl)

0.03

Bromide (Br)

0.03

Nitrite (NO 2 )

0.01

Nitrate (NO 3 )

0.01

Phosphate (PO 4 )

0.02

Sulphate (SO 4 )

0.03


Note:
Contact laboratory for specific Detection Limit capabilities.  Drinking Water samples cannot be analyzed.


Organic Water / Wastewater Analysis


Code E6W Organics (Waters)
 
AnalysisMethod Instrumentation
Phenols / Total Phenols (4AAP) SKALAR Autoanalyzer (4AAP)
Atrazine GC-MS
Bisphenol (A)   (BPA) GC-MS
BHT and MEHQ (Butylated Hydroxy Toluene and Methoxy Phenols - Antioxidants) GC-MS
BTEX (Benzene / Toluene / Ethyl Benzyne / Xylenes) GC-MS
FAME (Fatty Acids) GC-MS
Glycols (Polyethylene and Polypropylene) GC-MS
Geosmin and Methyl-Isoborneal (MIB) GC-MS
Phthalates and Adipate GC-MS
Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCB - Total Arochlors) GC-MS
Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCB - Cogener Specific) GC-MS
Polybromated Biphenyls and Polybromated Diphenyl Ethers (PPB and PBDE) GC-MS
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAH/PNA - 16 compounds) GC-MS
Sulfur (Elemental) GC-MS
Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons (VOH - C5-C10) GC-FID
Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons (TPH - Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Range - C10-C44)           GC-FID
Trihalomethanes (THM)                GC-MS
Volatile Organic Contaminants (VOC)GC-MS

Note: 
Contact laboratory for a list of specific compounds and their Detection Limit capabilities.  
Drinking water samples cannot be analysed.  TPH not compliant to CCME guidelines.


Miscellaneous Water Analysis


pH Cyanide (Total CN)
Total Suspended Solids (TSS) Cyanide (Free CN)
Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) Cyanide (Weak Acid Dissociable - WAD CN)
Conductivity Total Organic Carbon (TOC)
Salinity  Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD)
Acidity  Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD)             
Turbidity Dissolved Oxygen (DO)
Oil and Grease (Total) Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen (TKN)
Oil and Grease (Mineral) Total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH-GRO/DRO) -  C6-C10/C10-C28 for Gasoline/Diesel Range
Oil and Grease (Vegetable) Alkalinity (CaCO3) [includes carbonate (CO3) & bicarbonate (HCO3)]
Reactive Silica BTEX (Benzene Toluene Ethylbenzene Xylene)
Total Phosphorous M icrobiology (E.coli, Total Coliforms, Fecal Coliforms, Heterotrophic Plate Count)
NH3 + NH4 (must provide pH or also do Code E6 pH) Perchlorate  (EPA 331.0) 
Colour   Hardness (must also do Code E6 ICP-OES/MS)                               


Metal Speciation in Water

Our research activities over the last few years have allowed us to link the capillary electrophoresis and HPLC techniques to conventional ICP-MS or High Resolution ICP-MS. Using as little as 5 µg/L of solution, we can conveniently speciate a number of metals for their inorganic or organic metal species.  This allows determination of a number of metal species sequentially.  Actlabs can consult on the best ways to preserve samples for speciation analysis.

Pore Water Extraction (from sediment core)
As speciation (As3+, As5+, MMA, DMA)  
Sn speciation (Tripropylpentyl; Tributylpentyl; Dibutyldipentyl; Monobutyl,tripentyl; Monophenyl,tripentyl; Diphenyl,tripentyl; Triphenyl,tripentyl)
Fe Speciation (Fe3+, Fe2+)
Se Speciation (Se6+, Se4+, Se-Methionine, Se-Cystine)
Cr Speciation (Cr3+, Cr6+)



Activation Laboratories Ltd. | 41 Bittern Street, Ancaster, Ontario, L9G 4V5, Canada | TF: +1.888.228.5227
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